Main Article Content
Background: The clinical research in past decade has reported that most second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) can cause serious metabolic derangement, which substantially increases the risk for type II diabetes mellitus. Several retrospective studies have shown increased in serum triglyceride in patients treated with Clozapine. SGAs induced metabolic syndrome is characterized by weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Metformin is currently used to treat metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes mellitus. It is therefore important to determine whether Metformin is efficacious in treating Clozapine-induced metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemia. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Metformin in minimizing Clozapine induced metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemia. Methodology: Wistar rats weighing 180-240g either sex were divided into 3 groups of 6 rats each. Group 1 served as control, Group 2 Treated with Clozapine 25mg/kg body weight and Group 3 Treated with Clozapine 25mg + Metformin 100mg/kg body weight for 28 days P.O. Group 2 and group 3 were treated for 28 days. Biochemical investigations: Retro-orbital blood was collected for Lipid profile. Result: Lipid profile of group 2 rats treated with Clozapine showed dyslipidaemia (TG 103.3 ±1.7mg/dl, Tc 113.7 ±1.6mg/dl). Whereas group 3 rats treated with Clozapine 25mg + Metformin showed normal lipid levels (TG 94.7±1.7mg/dl, TC 102.8 ±0.8 mg/dl) comparable to group 1(TG 93.0 ±2.6mg/dl, TC 103.7 ±1.5mg/dl). Conclusion: This study exploring the use of Metformin to prevent metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemias in patients of schizophrenia treated with Clozapine.
KEYWORDS: Clozapine; Metformin; Dyslipidaemia.
The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and will retain publishing rights without restrictions.
The submitted papers are assumed to contain no proprietary material unprotected by patent or patent application; responsibility for technical content and for protection of proprietary material rests solely with the author(s) and their organizations and is not the responsibility of the journal. The main (first/corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that the article has been seen and approved by all the other authors. It is the responsibility of the author to obtain all necessary copyright release permissions for the use of any copyrighted materials in the manuscript prior to the submission.
What are my rights as author?
It is important to check the policy for the journal to which you are submitting or publishing to establish your rights as
Author. Journal's standard policies allow the following re-use rights:
- The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allow the author(s) to obtain publishing rights without restrictions.
- You may do whatever you wish with the version of the article you submitted to the journal.
- Once the article has been accepted for publication, you may post the accepted version of the article on your own personal website, your department's website or the repository of your institution without any restrictions.
- You may not post the accepted version of the article in any repository other than those listed above (i.e. you may not deposit in the repository of another institution or a subject-matter repository) until 12 months after publication of the article in the journal.
- You may use the published article for your own teaching needs or to supply on an individual basis to research colleagues, provided that such supply is not for commercial purposes.