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Background: The clinical research in past decade has reported that most second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) can cause serious metabolic derangement, which substantially increases the risk for type II diabetes mellitus. Several retrospective studies have shown increased in serum triglyceride in patients treated with Clozapine. SGAs induced metabolic syndrome is characterized by weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance. Metformin is currently used to treat metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes mellitus. It is therefore important to determine whether Metformin is efficacious in treating Clozapine-induced metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemia. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Metformin in minimizing Clozapine induced metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemia. Methodology: Wistar rats weighing 180-240g either sex were divided into 3 groups of 6 rats each. Group 1 served as control, Group 2 Treated with Clozapine 25mg/kg body weight and Group 3 Treated with Clozapine 25mg + Metformin 100mg/kg body weight for 28 days P.O. Group 2 and group 3 were treated for 28 days. Biochemical investigations: Retro-orbital blood was collected for Lipid profile. Result: Lipid profile of group 2 rats treated with Clozapine showed dyslipidaemia (TG 103.3 ±1.7mg/dl, Tc 113.7 ±1.6mg/dl). Whereas group 3 rats treated with Clozapine 25mg + Metformin showed normal lipid levels (TG 94.7±1.7mg/dl, TC 102.8 ±0.8 mg/dl) comparable to group 1(TG 93.0 ±2.6mg/dl, TC 103.7 ±1.5mg/dl). Conclusion: This study exploring the use of Metformin to prevent metabolic derangement like dyslipidaemias in patients of schizophrenia treated with Clozapine.
KEYWORDS: Clozapine; Metformin; Dyslipidaemia.
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